Urokinase (uPA) interacts with its receptor (uPAR) to promote proteolysis and tumor migration, functions of potential importance in the pathogenesis of malignant mesothelioma. Immunohistochemistry of human malignant mesothelioma tissue and mesothelioma cells (MS-1) showed that mesothelioma cells express uPAR. We isolated uPAR from MS-1 cells by metabolic labeling and showed that it could be induced by phorbol myristate acetate (PMA), lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) or tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). Experiments with MS-1 cells showed that uPA binding was saturable, specific, and reversible with a mean dissociation constant (Kd) of 5.4 +/- 1.1 nM. Binding was inhibited by a blocking antibody to uPAR and by the uPA amino-terminal fragment (ATF), but not by low molecular weight uPA. uPAR expression was regulated transcriptionally and translationally; antisense oligonucleotides blocked expression of uPAR protein. Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) inhibited PA activity of preformed uPA/uPAR complexes and increased cycling of the receptor from the cell surface. Stimulation of subconfluent MS-1 cells by high molecular weight or recombinant uPA, but not ATF or low molecular weight fragment, caused concentration-dependent incorporation of [3H]thymidine. These data indicate a novel mechanism by which malignant mesothelioma cells localize pericellular proteolysis and concurrently regulate tumor cell proliferation.
- Copyright © 1995 the American Physiological Society