Angiopoietin-like protein 2 (ANGPTL2) is a chronic inflammatory mediator, which when deregulated is associated with various pathologies. However, little is known about its activity in lung. To assess a possible lung function, we generated a rabbit monoclonal antibody that specifically recognizes mouse ANGPTL2 and then evaluated protein expression in mouse lung tissue. We observed abundant ANGPTL2 expression in both alveolar epithelial type I and type II cells and in resident alveolar macrophages under normal conditions. To assess ANGPTL2 function, we compared lung phenotypes in Angptl2 knockout (KO) and wild-type mice but observed no overt changes. We then generated a bleomycin-induced interstitial pneumonia model using wild-type and Angptl2 KO mice. Bleomycin-treated wild-type mice showed specifically upregulated ANGPTL2 expression in areas of severe fibrosing interstitial pneumonia, while Angptl2 KO mice developed more severe lung fibrosis than did comparably treated wild-type mice. Lung fibrosis seen following bone marrow transplant (BMT) was comparable in wild-type or Angptl2 KO mice treated with bleomycin, suggesting that Angptl2 loss in myeloid cells does not underlie fibrotic phenotypes. We conclude that Angptl2 deficiency in lung epithelial cells and resident alveolar macrophages causes severe lung fibrosis seen following bleomycin treatment, suggesting that ANGPTL2 derived from these cell types plays a protective role against fibrosis in lung.
- angiopoietin-like protein 2
- bleomycin-induced interstitial pneumonia
- protecting fibrosis
- Copyright © 2015, American Journal of Physiology-Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology