Progressive lung disease with early onset is the main cause of mortality and morbidity in Cystic Fibrosis patients. Here we report a reduction of Sphingosine-1-Phosphate (S1P) in the lung of unchallenged Cftrtm1EUR F508del CFTR mutant mice. This correlates with enhanced infiltration by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expressing granulocytes, B- and T-cells. Furthermore, the ratio of macrophage derived dendritic cells (MoDC) to conventional dendritic cells (cDC) is higher in mutant mouse lung, consistent with unprovoked inflammation. Oral application of a S1P-lyase inhibitor (LX2931), increases S1P levels in mutant mouse tissues. This normalizes the lung MoDC/cDC ratio, and reduces B- and T-cell counts. Lung granulocytes are enhanced, but iNOS expression is reduced in this population. Although lung LyC6+ monocytes are enhanced by LX2931, they apparently do not differentiate to MoDC and macrophages. After challenge with bacterial toxins (LPS-fMLP) we observe enhanced levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, KC, IFNγ and IL-12, and the inducible mucin MUC5AC in mutant mouse lung, evidence of deficient resolution of inflammation. LX2931 does not prevent transient inflammation or goblet cell hyperplasia after challenge, but it reduces MUC5AC and pro-inflammatory cytokine levels towards normal values. We conclude that lung pathology in homozygous mice expressing murine F508del CFTR, which represents the most frequent mutation in CF patients, is characterized by abnormal behavior of infiltrating myeloid cells and delayed resolution of induced inflammation. This phenotype can be partially corrected by a S1P lyase inhibitor, providing a rationale for therapeutic targeting of the S1P signaling pathway in CF patients.
- Cystic fibrosis
- lung inflammation
- Dendritic cells
- Copyright © 2016, American Journal of Physiology-Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology